Preterm birth, also known as premature birth, is defined as the birth of a baby before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Preterm birth is a common complication of pregnancy and can be caused by a variety of factors, including medical conditions (such as high blood pressure or diabetes), environmental factors (such as exposure to tobacco smoke or air pollution), and lifestyle factors (such as substance abuse or stress).
Preterm babies are at higher risk for a range of health problems, including respiratory distress, feeding difficulties, and developmental delays. They may also be more likely to experience complications such as jaundice and anemia.
The treatment for preterm birth will depend on the gestational age of the baby and their overall health. Preterm babies may require special care in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to help them grow and develop. They may receive medications, oxygen therapy, and other supportive care as needed.
There are several things that pregnant women can do to reduce their risk of preterm birth, including getting early and regular prenatal care, avoiding tobacco and alcohol, managing medical conditions such as high blood pressure or diabetes, and reducing stress. It is also important to follow the recommendations of a healthcare provider and to be aware of the signs of preterm labor, such as contractions, bleeding, and watery discharge.