What is Arthritis , its type , cause and Treatment

 What is Arthritis

Arthritis is a term used to describe a group of conditions that affect the joints and surrounding tissues. Arthritis causes pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints and can limit a person’s range of motion. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, and the most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and is caused by the wear and tear of joint cartilage over time. It typically affects the hands, knees, hips, and spine and is more common in older adults.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints and surrounding tissue. It typically affects the hands, wrists, and knees and can lead to joint damage and deformity if left untreated.

Other types of arthritis include gout, lupus, and psoriatic arthritis.

Arthritis can be treated with a combination of medications, physical therapy, and lifestyle changes. Treatment aims to reduce inflammation, improve joint function, and manage pain. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or replace damaged joints. It is important to work with a healthcare provider to develop a treatment plan that is tailored to your individual needs and goals.