What is Streptococcal pharyngitis ?
Streptococcal pharyngitis, also known as strep throat, is an infection of the throat and tonsils caused by group A streptococcus bacteria. Strep throat is a common illness, especially in school-aged children. It is highly contagious and can be spread through respiratory droplets or direct contact with infected individuals.
Symptoms of strep throat can include:
- Sore throat
- Swollen tonsils
- Red and swollen tonsils
- White or yellow patches on the tonsils
- Difficulty swallowing
If left untreated, strep throat can lead to more serious complications such as rheumatic fever or kidney inflammation. Strep throat can be diagnosed through a rapid strep test or a throat culture. It is usually treated with antibiotics. To prevent the spread of infection, it is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze.