Scarlet fever, also known as scarlatina, is a bacterial infection that can occur in people who have strep throat. It is caused by the same bacteria that cause strep throat (Streptococcus pyogenes, or group A Streptococcus). Scarlet fever is characterized by a distinctive red rash that spreads over the body, typically starting on the neck and face.
Symptoms of scarlet fever may include:
- Sore throat
- Nausea and vomiting
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Redness and swelling of the tongue and throat
- White or yellow patches on the tonsils or throat
Scarlet fever can be treated with antibiotics, which can help to reduce the severity and duration of the infection. It is important to finish the entire course of antibiotics as prescribed by your healthcare provider to ensure that the infection is fully cleared.
To prevent the spread of scarlet fever, it is important to practice good hygiene, such as washing your hands frequently and covering your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze. If you have scarlet fever, it is also important to avoid close contact with others until you have completed a full course of antibiotics and are no longer contagious.