what is menopause
Menopause is the natural process that occurs when a woman’s ovaries stop producing eggs and her body stops producing the hormones estrogen and progesterone. It typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, although it can occur earlier or later in some women.
Menopause marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years and is usually confirmed when a woman has not had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months. The transition to menopause, called perimenopause, can begin several years before menopause and is marked by changes in hormone levels and menstrual cycle irregularity.
Symptoms of menopause can vary, but may include hot flashes, night sweats, sleep problems, mood changes, and vaginal dryness. Some women may also experience changes in hair and skin, as well as weight gain and decreased bone density.
Treatment options for menopause symptoms may include hormone therapy, over-the-counter or prescription medications, and lifestyle changes such as exercise and stress management. It is important to speak with a healthcare provider about the best treatment options for your specific needs.