Corticosteroids are a type of medication that is used to treat a wide range of medical conditions. They are a synthetic version of the hormone cortisol, which is produced naturally by the adrenal gland. Corticosteroids are used to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system, and they are often used to treat conditions such as asthma, allergies, and autoimmune disorders.
There are several different types of corticosteroids, including prednisone, hydrocortisone, and dexamethasone, which can be administered orally, intravenously, or as a topical cream or ointment. Corticosteroids are generally very effective at reducing inflammation and relieving symptoms, but they can also have a number of side effects, including weight gain, increased appetite, and mood changes.
Corticosteroids should be used with caution, as they can have serious side effects when taken in high doses or for long periods of time. Some of the potential side effects of corticosteroids include osteoporosis, high blood pressure, and an increased risk of infection. It is important to discuss the potential risks and benefits of using corticosteroids with a healthcare provider before starting treatment.