Ausubel theory

Ausubel theory

Ausubel’s learning theory is a cognitive theory of education that focuses on the role of prior knowledge and experiences in the learning process. According to this theory, learning is an active process in which new information is integrated with and connected to an individual’s existing knowledge and experiences.

According to Ausubel’s theory, learning is more effective when new information is presented in a meaningful context that connects it to the learner’s existing knowledge. This can involve using examples and analogies to help learners make connections between the new information and their prior knowledge, as well as using mnemonic devices to help learners remember and organize new information.

Ausubel’s theory also emphasizes the importance of metacognitive strategies, or strategies that involve thinking about and reflecting on one’s own learning process. These strategies can include setting learning goals, monitoring one’s own understanding, and seeking help when needed.

Ausubel’s theory has influenced a number of educational practices, including the use of concept maps and other visual tools to help learners organize and connect new information to their prior knowledge. It has also influenced the development of instructional materials that are designed to help learners build connections between new information and their existing knowledge.

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