Computer Abbreviations : SARKARI LIBRARY

 Computer Abbreviations

  • AD – Active Directory
  • A/D – Analog to Digital
  • ADC- Analog to Digital Convertor
  • ADSL – Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
  • ARP –Address Resolution Protocol
  • AGP – Accelerated Graphics Port
  • AH – Active Hub
  • AI –  Artificial Intelligence
  • AL – Active Link
  • ALGOL – Algorithmic Language
  • ALU- Arithmetic Logic Unit
  • AM – Active Monitor 
  • AM – Amplitude Modulation
  • AMD – Advanced Micro Devices
  • ANSI – American National Standards Institute(अमेरिकन राष्ट्रीय मानक संस्थान,(HQ: New York)) 
  • APCI – Application layer Protocol Control Information
  • API  – Application Program Interface
  • ARPANET – Advanced Research Projects Agency Network
  • ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange
  • ATM – Automated Teller Machine
  • ATM – Asynchronous Transfer Mode
  • ADF – Automatic Document Feeder

 

  • B2B-  Business-to-business 
  • B2C-  Business-to-Consumer
  • BARC – Bhabha Atomic Research Centre 
  • BASIC – Beginners’ All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
  • BINAC –  Binary Automatic Computer
  • Bcc –  Blind Carbon Copy
  • BMP – Bitmap
  • BCR – Bar Code Reader
  • BD – Blu-ray Disc
  • Bin – Binary
  • BIOS – Basic Input Output System 
  • Bit – Binary Digit 
  • BLOG – Web Log
  • BPI Bytes/Bits Per Inch
  • BPL – Broadband over Power Line
  • BPS – Bits Per Second
  • BSNL –  Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

 

  • CAD – Computer Aided Design
  • CAL – Computer aided learning
  • CAM – Computer Aided Manufacturing
  • Сс  – Carbon Copy
  • CCTLDcountry code top-level domain
  • CMOS  – Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
  • COBOL –Common Business Oriented Language
  • CD – Compact Disc
  • CDAC –  Centre for Development of Advanced Computing
  • CDOT – Centre for Development of Telematics
  • CERN- European Organization for Nuclear Research
  • COMAL – Common Algorithmic Language
  • CPU- Central Processing Unit
  • CRT- Cathod Ray Tube
  • CSS – Cascading Style Sheet
  • CU- Control Unit
  • сTCP – Client-To-Client Protocol
  • CD-R – Compact Disc Recordable
  • CD-ROM – Compact Disc Read Only Memory
  • CD-RW – Compact Disc Rewritable 
  • CD-R/W – Compact Disc-Read/Write
  • CG – Computer Graphics
  • CGI – Common Gateway Interface
  • COM – Common Object Mode
  • CPI –  cycles per instruction/clocks per instruction/Character Per Inch
  • CPS – Characters Per Second
  • CLI- Command Line Interface
  • CLR –  Common Language Runtime
  • CLASS –  Computer Literacy and Studies in Schools
  • CDMA-  Code Division Multiple Access
  • CMY –  cyan, magenta and yellow

 

  • DAC  –  Digital to Analog Convertor
  • D/A – Digital to Analog
  • DAP –  Directory Access Protocol 
  • ᎠᏴ –  Database
  • DBA –  Database Administrator 
  • DBMS – Database Management System
  • DCC – Direct Client-to-Client
  • DCL – Data Control Language
  • DFS – Distributed File System
  • DHTML – Dynamic HyperText Markup Language
  • DLL – Dynamic Link Library
  • DLP – Digital Light Processing
  • DMA – Direct Memory Access
  • DNS – Domain Name System
  • DDS– Digital  Data storage
  • DIMM- dual in-line memory module
  • DPI – Dots Per Inch
  • DRAM – Dynamic Random Access Memory
  • DRDO- Defence Research and Development Organisation
  • DSL – Digital Subscriber Line
  • DTP – Desktop Publishing
  • DVD – Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc 
  • DVD-R -Digital Video Disc-Recordable
  • DVD-ROM – DVD-Read Only Memory
  • DVD-RW – DVD-Rewritable
  • DVR  – Digital Video Recorder
  • DOS- Disk Operating System
  • DSDD – Double-Sided Double-Density.
  • DSHD –  Double-Sided High-Density.

 

  • EBCDIC – Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code 
  • E-Business – Electronic Business
  • E-Commerce – Electronic Commerce 
  • eMail – Electronic  Mail
  • EDO- Extended Data Out 
  • EDP – Electronic Data Processing 
  • EDSAC – Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator 
  • E-Mail – Electronic Mail 
  • ENIAC – Electronic Numerical Integrator And Computer 
  • EOF – End Of File 
  • EPROM – Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory 
  • EEPROM- Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory 
  • EXE- Executable 
  • EDI- Electronic Data Interchange
  • ERNET – Education and Research Network

 

  • FAT – File Allocation Table
  • FAX- Facsimile
  • FDC – Floppy Disk Controller
  • FDD– Floppy Disk Drive
  • FDM – Frequency Division Multiplexing
  • FET – field-effect transistor
  • FIFO – First In First Out
  • FILO – First In, Last Out
  • FLOP – floating point operation
  • FORTRAN – Formula Translation
  • FPU – Floating Point Unit
  • FS – File System
  • FSK-  Frequency-shift keying
  • FM – Frequency Modulation
  • FTP – File Transfer Protocol
  • FPS – Frame Per Second
  • FLOPS – Floating Point Operations Per Second
  • FAQ – Frequently Asked Question

 

  • GbGigabit
  • GB- Gigabyte
  • GIF –  Graphics Interchange Format
  • GIGO-  Garbage In Garbage Out
  • GPU –  Graphics Processing Unit 
  • GPS – Global Positioning System
  • GSM –  Global System for Mobile communication
  • GUI – Graphical User Interface
  • GPRS – General Packet Radio Service
  • HLL – High Level Language
  • HPFS– High Performance File System
  • HDD – Hard Disk Drive
  • HDTv – High Definition Television
  • HP – Hewlett-Packard
  • HSM– Hierarchical Storage Management
  • HTMLHyperText Markup Language
  • HTTP-HyperText Transfer Protocol

 

  • IAB – Internet Architecture Board
  • IANA – Internet Assigned Numbers Authority
    • under the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)
    • IANA is responsible for the allocation and assignment of IP (Internet Protocol) addresses
    • पोर्ट्स की मान्य श्रेणी 0 से 1023 तक होता है
  • IBM – International Business Machine
  • IEEE –  Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers(Location-New York)
  • IS – Information System
  • IC- Integrated Circuit
  • IETF – Internet Engineering Task Force
  • IM – Instant Message
  • IMAP – Internet Message Access Protocol
  • I/O – Input Output
  • iOS- iphone Operating System
  • IP– Internet Protocol
  • ISDN –  Integrated Services Digital Network
  • ISOC- Internet Society
  • ISO – International Organization for Standardization
  • ISP– Internet Service Provider
  • ISR –  Interrupt Service Routine
  • IT Information Technology
  • IRC –  Internet Relay Chart
  • JPEG  – Joint Photographic Experts Group
  • JRE –  Java Runtime Environment
  • JS – Java Script
  • JDE – Java Development Environment
  • Kb –  Kilobits
  • KB – Kilobytes
  • KHz Kilohertz
  • Kbps -Kilobits Per Second
  • KOPS -Thousand of Operations per Second
  • KIPS -Kilo Instructions per second / Knowledge Information Processing System

 

  • LAN – Local Area Network
  • LSD – Less significant data/least significant digit
  • LCD –  Liquid Crystal Display
  • LDU –  Liquid Display Unit
  • LED –  Light Emitting Diode
  • LLL– Low level language
  • LIFO  Last In First Out
  • LPI – Lines Per Inch
  • LSI– Large scale integration
  • LISP – List Processing
  • LTE– Long term evolution
  • LASER – Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation 
  • MAN – Metropolitan Area Network
  • Mb– Megabit
  • MB– Megabyte
  • MBPS – megabits per second
  • MOPS-  Million Operations Per Second
  • MIPS-Million instructions per second
  • MHz– Mega Hertz
  • MBR – Master Boot Record
  • MAC – Media Access Control 
  • MPEG – Moving Picture Experts Group
  • MP3 –  MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3
  • MMS – Multimedia Messaging Service
  • MIME – Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions
  • MS- Microsoft
  • MSI – medium-scale integration
  • MSNMicrosoft Network
  • MSD – Most significant digit
  • MSDNMicrosoft Developer Network
  • MDI – Multiple Document Interface
  • MICR – Magnetic Ink Character Recognition
  • MIMO – Multiple-Input Multiple-Output
  • MIPS – Million Instructions Per Second
  • MIDI- Musical Instrument Digital Interface
  • MODEM – Modulator Demodulator
  • MTNL – Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited
  • MASER – Microwave Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation

 

  • NFS – Network File System
  • NIC –  Network Interface Card
  • NICNET –  National Informatics Centre Network
  • NIXI– National Internet Exchange of India
  • NOS – Network Operating System
  • OCR – Optical Character Recognition
  • OMR – Optical Mark Reader
  • OOP– Object Oriented Programming
  • OS –  Operating System
  • OSI – Open Systems Interconnection
  • OSS–  Open Source Software
  • OLE–  Object Linking and Embedding
  • P2P – Peer-to-peer
  • PAN – Personal Area Network
  • PAP– Password Authentication Protocol
  •  PC– Personal Computer
  • PCL – Printed Command Language
  • PCB – Printed circuit boards
  • PCI – Peripheral Component Interconnect
  • PDA –  Personal digital assistant
  • PDF – Portable Document Format 
  • PDL – Program Design Language
  • PIO – Programmed Input/Output 
  • PLA – Programmable Logic Array
  • PL 1 – Programming Language 1
  • PM–  Phase Modulation
  • PnP – Plug and Play
  • POS – Point Of Sales
  • PPM – Pages Per Minute
  • PPP–  Point-to-Point Protocol 
  • PPTP – Protocol Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol 
  • PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory
  • PROLOG – programming in logic
  • PSTN – Public Switched Telephone Network
  • PSU  – Power Supply Unit
  • POST – Power On Self Test
  • QDR –  Quad Data Rate
  • Qos–  Quality of Service
  • QBE -Query By Example 
  • RAM – Random Access Memory
  • RGB- Red Green Blue
  • RARP– Reverse Address Resolution Protocol 
  • RDBMS – Relational Database Management System
  • RIP – Routing Information Protocol
  • ROM – Read Only Memory
  • ROMB  -Read Out Motherboard 
  • RPG – Report Program Generator
  • RTOS – Real Time Operating System
  • RTF– Rich Text Format
  • RS232 – Recommended Standard 232
  • RTGS- Real-Time Gross Settlement

 

  • Saas – Software as a Service
  • SAN – Storage Area Network
  • SCSI – Small Computer System Interface 
  • SDL – Simple DirectMedia Layer
  • SEO- Search engine optimization
  • SERP – search engine results page
  • SQL – Structured Query Language
  • SEQUEL – Structured English Query Language
  • SGML- standard generalized markup language
  • SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SNOBOL – String Oriented and Symbolic Language
  • SP – Service Pack
  • SRAM – Static Random Access Memory
  • SVD–  Structured VLSI Design
  • SVGA-  Super Video Graphics Array
  • SNMP – Simple Network Management Protocol
  • SIM– Subscriber Identification Module
  • SIMM– single in-line memory module
  • SMPS-  switched-mode power supply
  • SMS- Short Message Service
  • SSI-  Small-Scale Integration
  • SMTP –  Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  • SWAN – State wide Area Network
  • TCP – Transmission Control Protocol
  • TDM – Time-division multiplexing
  • TDMA – Time Division Multiple Access
  • TTA – True Tap Audio
  • TTF – True Type Font 
  • TTS – Text-To-Speech
  • TTY- Tele Type
  • TFTThin-Film Transistor 
  • ТВ -Terabytes
  • TLD- top-level domain
  • UAC – User Account Control 
  • UI – User Interface
  • UPS – Uninterruptible Power Supply
  • UPC – Universal Product Code
  • URI – Uniform Resource Identifier
  • URL – Uniform Resource Locator 
  • URN – Uniform Resource Name
  • USB – Universal Serial Bus 
  • ULSI – Ultra Large Scale Integration
  • UNIVAC–  Universal Automatic Computer 
  • UVEPROM – Ultraviolet Erasable Programmable Read-only Memory
  • UTP– Unshielded Twisted Pair
  • VAR – Variable
  • VAN – value-added network 
  • VB– Visual Basic 
  • VDD – Virtual Device Driver 
  • VDU -Visual Display Unit
  • VDT -Visual Display Terminal
  • VGA – Video Graphics Array
  • VLAN – Virtual Local Area Network 
  • VM – Virtual Memory 
  • VMS – Video Memory System
  • VoIP – Voice over Internet Protocol 
  • VoLTE – Voice over Long Term Evolution
  • VPN – Virtual Private Network
  • VT – Video Terminal
  • VŠNL– Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
  • VSAT- very small aperture terminal 
  • VSNL –  Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited
  • VLSI – Very Large Scale Integration
  • VRAM– Video Random Access Memory
  • VIRUS – Vital Information Resources Under Siege
  • WAN – Wide Area Network
  • WAP – Wireless Application Protocol 
  • WEP –  Wired Equivalent Privacy
  • Wi-Fi– Wireless Fidelity
  • WiMax– Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access
  • WINS – Windows Internet Naming Service
  • WLAN – Wireless Local Area Network
  • WMA – Wireless Media Audio
  • WMV – Wireless Media Video
  • WPA – Wi-Fi Protected Access
  • WWAN – Wireless Wide Area Network
  • WWW – World Wide Web
  • WLL – Wireless Local Loop
  • WORM– Write Once Read Many
  • W3C –  World Wide Web Consortium
  • XHTMLeXtensible HyperText Markup Language
  • XMLeXtensible Markup Language
  • XNSXerox Network Services 
  • XULXML User interface Language
  • XGA –  Extended Graphics Array
  • YB– Yottabyte
  • ZIFS – Zero Insertion Force Socket 
  • ZIP – Zone Information Protocol
  • ZISC -Zone Instruction Set  Computer
  • ZMA – Zone Multicast Address
  • ZNA – Zone Network Administration
  • ZB-Zettabyte
  • 2G – second-generation cellular network
  • 3G- THIRD generation
  • 4G- fourth generation
  • 4GL– fourth-generation programming language
  • 5G- Fifth generation