Miscellaneous Chemistry

  • Post author:
  • Post category:Blog
  • Reading time:23 mins read


World’s major inventions/discoveries and their inventors/discoverers

Discoveries Discoverer  
Hydrogen Henry Cavendish 1766
Oxygen (O2) Antoine Lavoisier
Carbon (C) Antoine Lavoisier
Helium (He) William Ramsay and Per Teodor Cleve
Argon, Keypton, Xenon Rayleigh – Ramsay
Radioactivity Henri Becquerel
X-Rays Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen
The Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev
Modern Periodic Table Mosley
Alexander Fleming 1928
Nuclear Fission Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann
DNA Structure James Watson and Francis Crick
Neutron Chadwick
Neucleus Rutherford
Proton Rutherford
Electron J.J. Thomson
Positron Anderson
Meson Yukawa
Electron Charge Milliken
Radioactive Decay Marie Curie
Polymerization Hermann Staudinger
Noble Gases Sir William Ramsay and Lord Rayleigh
Antibiotics (Streptomycin) Selman Waksman and Albert Schatz
Catalyst Burxelius
Atom Model Bohr
wave-particle duality Louis de Broglie
 PH Scale Sorensen


Trade Name Chemicals Name Chemicals Formulas
common salt/ Table Salt Sodium Chloride NaCl
baking soda sodium bicarbonate NaHCO3
washing soda sodium carbonate Na2CO3.10H2O
caustic soda sodium hydroxide NaOH
Chile saltpeter sodium nitrate NaNO3
borax sodium borate, sodium tetraborate, or disodium tetraborate Na2B4O7·10H2O
soda ash sodium carbonate Na2CO3
Glauber’s Salt sodium sulfate Na2SO4.10H2O
hypo sodium thiosulfate Na2S2O3.5H2O
microcosmic salts sodium ammonium hydrogen phosphate
Bleach Ammonium chloride NH4Cl
Sodium Hypochlorite NaClO
Ammonia Ammonium Hydroxide NH3
Ammonium Nitrate NH4NO3
alum potassium aluminum sulfate KAl(SO4)2·12H2O
Red Medicine potassium permanganate KMnO4
caustic potash potassium hydroxide KOH
saltpeter/ niter or nitrate Potassium Nitrate KNO3
Aspirin Acetylsalicylic Acid C9H8O4
Muriatic Acid Hydrochloric Acid HCl
Battery Acid Sulfuric Acid H2SO4
Alcohol, Ethyl Alcohol Ethanol C2H5OH
Tylenol, Panadol Paracetamol C8H9NO2
Vitamin C Ascorbic Acid C6H8O6
Formalin Formaldehyde CH2O
Methyl Alcohol, Wood Alcohol Methanol CH3OH
Peroxide Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2
Natural Gas Methane CH4
Phenolphthalein C20H14O4
Aqua Fortis Nitric Acid HNO3
Caustic Potash Potassium Hydroxide KOH
Antifreeze Ethylene Glycol C2H6O2
Ammonium Sulfate (NH4)2SO4
Soda Ash Sodium Carbonate Na2CO3
White lead lead carbonate hydroxide or basic lead carbonate. 2PbCO3·Pb(OH)2
Red lead minium or lead tetroxide Pb3O4
galena lead(II) sulfide PbS
litharge lead oxide PbO
Laughing Gas Nitrous Oxide N2O
Calcium hydride CaH2
Chalk/ limestone/ Marble Calcium Carbonate CaCO3
quicklime or burnt lime Calcium Oxide CaO
bleaching powder calcium hypochlorite (Ca(ClO)2)
Calcium Chloride CaCl2
Gypsum Calcium Sulphate/ calcium sulfate dihydrate  (CaSO4·2H2O).
Plaster of Paris calcium sulfate hemihydrate CaSO4·0.5H2O.
slaked lime or hydrated lime calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2
Bleaching powder calcium hypochlorite (Ca(ClO)2)

Leave a Reply