C.V. Raman Biography

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Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, commonly known as C.V. Raman, was an Indian physicist renowned for his groundbreaking work in the field of spectroscopy and scattering of light. He discovered  the “Raman Effect in 1928.”

  • Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born on November 7, 1888, in Tiruchirapalli, India.
  • Raman earned his Bachelor’s degree from Presidency College, Madras, and later completed his Master’s degree in physics from the University of Madras.
  • In 1917, C.V. Raman joined the Indian Finance Department as an Assistant Accountant General.
  • In 1921, he became the first Palit Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta.
  • Raman’s most significant contribution came in 1928 when he discovered the Raman Effect. This discovery demonstrated that when light interacts with matter, some of the scattered light changes in frequency.
  • For this discovery, C.V. Raman was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930, becoming the first Asian and the first non-white person to receive a Nobel Prize in the sciences.
  • Raman served as the Director of the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) in Bangalore from 1933 to 1937.
  • Raman was knighted by the British government in 1929, and he became Sir C.V. Raman.
  • In 1948, he founded the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore to promote scientific research and education.
  • He was Awarded with Bharat Ratna In 1954.
  • He is celebrated as one of India’s most distinguished scientists and is often referred to as the “father of Indian science.
  • C.V. Raman Death :  passed away on November 21, 1970.

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