Aditya-L1 mission: India’s First Mission to Sun has launched on 2 September 2023 From Sriharikota, by PSLV-C57 Rocket. Aditya-L1 mission carries a suit of seven Scientific Payloads four will directly view and study the Sun, while the remaining three will conduct in-situ studies of particles and fields around the L1 point.. All payloads are made in india i.e indigenously developed by different labs within india.
- Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC)
- Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT)
- Solar Low Energy X-ray Spectrometer (SoLEXS )
- High Energy L1 Orbiting X-ray Spectrometer (HE10S)
- Aditya Solar wind Particle Experiment (ASPEX)
- Plasma Analyser Package for Aditya (PAPA)
- Magnetometer (MAG)
Here is some information about the Aditya-L1 mission:
Objective: The primary objective of the Aditya-L1 mission is to study the Sun’s outermost layer, known as the corona. It aims to enhance our understanding of the Sun’s behavior, particularly its influence on space weather and its impact on Earth.
Launch: The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) planned to launch the Aditya-L1 mission atop the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). The mission’s launch date was initially scheduled for 2020, but it was delayed Upto 3 Years and Finally Launched.
Instruments: Aditya-L1 was expected to carry several instruments, including a Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC) to study the solar corona and dynamics of coronal Mass Ejections and a Solar Ultraviolet Imaging Telescope (SUIT) to observe the Sun’s surface , outermost layers and images the solar Photosphere and Chromosphere in near ultra-violet(UV) .
International Collaboration: The mission was expected to collaborate with international space agencies and organizations to gather data and insights about the Sun’s behavior and its impact on space weather.
To get the most up-to-date information on India’s Aditya-L1 mission and its status, I recommend checking with official sources, such as ISRO’s website or space news outlets, as they will have the latest updates and launch Details.
One of the most notable and successful missions to study the Sun is NASA’s Parker Solar Probe (formerly Solar Probe Plus) which was Launched on August 12, 2018.